The ghazal (Persian: غزل‎) is a form of amatory poem or ode, originating in Arabic poetry. A ghazal may be understood as a poetic expression of both the pain of loss or separation and the beauty of love in spite of that pain.

The ghazal is a short poem consisting of rhyming couplets, called Sher or Bayt. A ghazal commonly consists of between five and fifteen couplets, which are independent, but are linked – abstractly, in their theme and more strictly in their poetic form. Almost all ghazals confine themselves to less than fifteen couplets. For a poem to be considered a true ghazal.